Reconciling biodiversity conservation with the demand of natural resources in boreal forest landscapes
For reconciling biodiversity conservation with increasing demands of natural resources in production landscapes, it is essential that the ecological, economic and functional values of the landscape are taken into account in planning and decision-making. Here we present a methodological approach on how to deal with these conflicts. By comparing alternative management regimes we first assessed the capacity of a boreal forest landscape to simultaneously produce different landscape values: suitable habitats for a set of species (representing several social and conservation values), economic returns (from timber extraction) and ecosystem services (climate regulation through carbon sequestration). Then, we analyzed the trade-offs among the landscape values using multi-objective optimization for alternative forestry management regimes. Our results showed that with carefully and informed forest management planning at landscape level it is possible to achieve win-win situations among the landscape values. This requires adequately targeted and diversified management regime.