Landscape services: an indispensable concept for modern landscape monitoring programs
Modern Landscape Monitoring Programs should be (a) based on the ecosystem service concept and (b) measure landscape quality in a holistic sense, i.e. cover production and regulation services of landscapes as well all services that improve well-being and identity- building of the population. In line with the European Landscape Convention the Swiss landscape monitoring program measures landscape-related services with 35 spatially explicit indicators in the following broad categories:
- physical aspects of the Swiss landscape
- important aspects of perceived space, i.e. complexity, coherence, legibility and mysteriosity
- culturally important aspects of Swiss landscapes, i.e. aesthetics or landscape character
- important land use properties and related services (recreation, cultural services)
Category 2) and 3) indicators are based on people’s attitudes and stem from a country-wide survey. In my paper, I will highlight the methodological development of the indicator concept as well as present first data to the most innovative indicators.